Morosini

Francesko Morosini (1619-1694) In 1687, the Venetians advanced to conquer the Acropolis, the Athens fortress, and to drive back the Ottomans who held it. The Venetians’ advance on Athens took place during the second Turkish-Venetian war in the Peloponnese, a region of Greece which had been under Venetian rule for three decades. It is noteworthy…

Ictinus

Ictinus Greek architect who lived in the second half of 5th century BC. Although we don’t know his descent, his name appears in numerous historical sources. He is referred to as the architect of the Parthenon, as well as of other masterpieces of his time. At the Parthenon, minor adjustments to the standard arrangement (layout)…

Calicrates

Calicrates Callicrates is one of the most important architects of the 5th century B.C. He was from Athens and worked with Ictinus on the construction of the Parthenon, according to Plutarch’s book, “The Life of Pericles”. Besides the construction of the Parthenon, he also undertook the task of building the defensive walls uniting Athens with…

Phidias

Phidias This superb sculptor was born in Athens and was believed to be an apprentice of Egias in Athens and Ageladas from Argus. What Pericles represents for Athenian democracy, Phidias represents for classical art. With his great spirit, he marks not only his time with his work of art, but also that of his future…

Pericles

Pericles Every year, for 15 consequent years the Athenians were voting him to be the leader of their city. He was born in Athens around 495 BC into a wealthy family. His mother was related to Cleisthenes and his father was a famous general who fought against the Persians. We know very little about his…