Phidias

He worked there for 15 years, from 447 BC, starting with the Metopes, until 432 BC, when the pediment figures that he used to embellish the temple with were finished. He also supervised the design of the Parthenon frieze, in an original, if not revolutionary depiction of new convictions towards tradition, both religious and artistic, which coincides with the words of Pericles in his Epitaph; replacing the old myths of Athens with the festive Panathenaic procession and thus revealing the Athenian people’s worldly goods, modesty, pride, discipline and freedom. In the procession the real time and space are lost and the figures, which participate, are moving in a “poetic” space given by Phidias, where the gods and the mortals coexist in harmony. His vision for the Athenian democracy, unfolds now in front of the eyes of the spectators in an impressive 160-meter long frieze.

On the whole, Phidias was the creator of the most highly inspired project of Greek sculpting. It is of course impossible for Phidias to have sculpted by himself the multi-figured compositions of hundreds of Gods, heroes, men and animals. But certainly we owe him the general conception and design of the Parthenon. Additionally, archeologists have identified roman statues, Hermes of Ludovici, Apollo Kassel and Athena Lemnia as copies of his original works.

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© Copyright 2003 : Amir Sobati